Host immune response index in gastric cancer identified by comprehensive analyses of tumor immunity.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated/microsatellite-unstable (MSI) gastric carcinomas (GC) constitute immune-active principal cellular components of tumor microenvironment and contribute to better prognosis. With the remarkable success of cancer immunotherapies, there is an urgent need for a comprehensive understanding of tumor-immune interactions in patients with GC in the context of host immune response. To identify GC subtype-specific immune response gene set, we tested differentially expressed genes for MSI and EBV+ GC subtypes in randomly selected test set (n = 278) in merged ACRG-SMC microarray and TCGA RNA sequencing data set. We identified Host ImmunE Response index (HIERÏ) consisting of 29 immune genes classifying GC patients into robust 3 groups with prognostic significance. Immune-high cluster 1 was enriched with PD-L1High/EBV+/MSI/TILHigh with the best clinical outcome while immune-low cluster 3 displayed worst outcome and exemplified with PD-L1Low/EBV-/MSS. The results were validated in the same cohort (n = 279) and independent cohort (n = 181) with RNA from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue. Unexpectedly, nearly half of GC in cluster 1 were EBV-/MSS and 10% of cluster 3 GC were EBV+/MSI GC patients, suggesting that in addition to EBV+/MSI GC subtypes, EBV-/MSS subtype also constitutes almost half of high immune cluster and would be a good candidate for immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy. In contrary, almost 10% of EBV+/MSI GC patients may not respond to immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy. Thus, our HIERÏ gene signature demonstrates the potential to subclassify tumor immunity levels, predict prognosis and help immunotherapeutic decisions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Park, C; Cho, J; Lee, J; Kang, SY; An, JY; Choi, MG; Lee, JH; Sohn, TS; Bae, JM; Kim, S; Kim, ST; Park, SH; Park, JO; Kang, WK; Sohn, I; Jung, SH; Kang, M-S; Kim, K-M

Published Date

  • 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 / 11

Start / End Page

  • e1356150 -

PubMed ID

  • 29147610

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC5674954

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2162-4011

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/2162402X.2017.1356150

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States