Measurement of the Bi 209 (n,4n) Bi 206 and Tm 169 (n,3n) Tm 167 cross sections between 23.5 and 30.5 MeV relevant to reaction-in-flight neutron studies at the National Ignition Facility


Journal Article

© 2017 American Physical Society. At the National Ignition Facility, experiments are being performed to measure charged-particle stopping powers in the previously unexplored warm dense plasma regime. These measurements are done using reaction-in-flight (RIF) neutrons from an inertial confinement fusion system. RIF neutrons are produced with a continuum of energies up to 30 MeV. By making activation measurements utilizing threshold reactions for neutrons in the energy range of 15<30MeV, the number of RIF neutrons can be determined and from this the stopping power of the deuterium and tritium ions that produced the RIF neutrons can be inferred. Currently, the Tm169(n,3n)Tm167 reaction has been used. However, in an effort to provide a secondary complimentary measurement, efforts are underway to make use of the Bi209(n,4n)Bi206 reaction, with a threshold of 22.5 MeV. The cross sections were measured at the 10 MV tandem Van De Graaff accelerator at the Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory with quasimonoenergetic neutrons between 23.5 and 30.5 MeV, where few previous measurements have been made. Cross-section data are compared to calculations and other available measurements.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gooden, ME; Bredeweg, TA; Champine, B; Combs, DC; Finch, S; Hayes-Sterbenz, A; Henry, E; Krishichayan, ; Rundberg, R; Tornow, W; Wilhelmy, J; Yeamans, C

Published Date

  • August 28, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 96 / 2

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2469-9993

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2469-9985

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1103/PhysRevC.96.024622

Citation Source

  • Scopus