The Gene Ontology (GO) database and informatics resource.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The Gene Ontology (GO) project (http://www. provides structured, controlled vocabularies and classifications that cover several domains of molecular and cellular biology and are freely available for community use in the annotation of genes, gene products and sequences. Many model organism databases and genome annotation groups use the GO and contribute their annotation sets to the GO resource. The GO database integrates the vocabularies and contributed annotations and provides full access to this information in several formats. Members of the GO Consortium continually work collectively, involving outside experts as needed, to expand and update the GO vocabularies. The GO Web resource also provides access to extensive documentation about the GO project and links to applications that use GO data for functional analyses.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Harris, MA; Clark, J; Ireland, A; Lomax, J; Ashburner, M; Foulger, R; Eilbeck, K; Lewis, S; Marshall, B; Mungall, C; Richter, J; Rubin, GM; Blake, JA; Bult, C; Dolan, M; Drabkin, H; Eppig, JT; Hill, DP; Ni, L; Ringwald, M; Balakrishnan, R; Cherry, JM; Christie, KR; Costanzo, MC; Dwight, SS; Engel, S; Fisk, DG; Hirschman, JE; Hong, EL; Nash, RS; Sethuraman, A; Theesfeld, CL; Botstein, D; Dolinski, K; Feierbach, B; Berardini, T; Mundodi, S; Rhee, SY; Apweiler, R; Barrell, D; Camon, E; Dimmer, E; Lee, V; Chisholm, R; Gaudet, P; Kibbe, W; Kishore, R; Schwarz, EM; Sternberg, P; Gwinn, M; Hannick, L; Wortman, J; Berriman, M; Wood, V; de la Cruz, N; Tonellato, P; Jaiswal, P; Seigfried, T; White, R; Gene Ontology Consortium,

Published Date

  • January 1, 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 32 / Database issue

Start / End Page

  • D258 - D261

PubMed ID

  • 14681407

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC308770

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1362-4962

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/nar/gkh036


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England