Stable-isotope dilution GC-MS for determination of toluene in submilliliter volumes of whole blood.
An accurate and sensitive yet simple protocol for the analysis of toluene in submilliliter quantities of whole blood using stable-isotope dilution GC-MS has been developed and evaluated for use in pharmacokinetic studies of toluene exposure. The method involves the use of toluene-d8, a relatively inexpensive chemical used as a solvent for nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, as an internal standard and extraction with pentane. This procedure allows for the determination of toluene in whole blood down to approximately 5 ng/mL and is suitable for pharmacokinetic measurements and biomonitoring of exposure to toluene.
Jones, AD; Dunlap, MR; Gospe, SM
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