Frequencies of variants of candidate genes in different age groups of hypertensives.
1. In severe, familial hypertension, we have reported that the proportion of patients homozygous for the deletion allele of an insertion/deletion polymorphism of the angiotensin I-converting enzyme gene is markedly decreased in older age groups, suggesting that this genotype is associated with increased risk of premature death. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship with age, of variants of other genes that encode proteins having an influence on the cardiovascular system. 2. Genotypes of 13 different variants at 12 relevant genetic loci were determined by either Southern blotting, followed by hybridization probing, or polymerase chain reaction techniques, as appropriate, using genomic DNA extracted from blood leukocytes. Genotype numbers were then assigned to the age categories of < 50, 50-59 and > or = 60 years. 3. Polymorphisms at the atrial natriuretic factor, antithrombin III, renin, angiotensinogen, neuropeptide-Y Y1 receptor, insulin, alpha 2-adrenoceptor, beta 1-adrenoceptor, growth hormone, low density lipoprotein receptor, insulin receptor and renal kallikrein gene loci were found to display similar allele frequencies in each age group of hypertensives, as well as in normotensive controls. 4. In conclusion, we were unable to detect any difference with age for a range of variants of genes whose products have cardiovascular significance, suggesting that, like most polymorphisms, they carry no selective survival advantage or disadvantage in the hypertensive and normotensive population groups studied.
Zee, RY; Bennett, CL; Schrader, AP; Morris, BJ
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)