Electroencephalogram patterns in infants of depressed mothers.


Journal Article

Electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns may reflect a vulnerability to depression. In an effort to understand their earliest origin, we examined their stability and consistency and their associations with perinatal depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms were measured prospectively throughout the perinatal period in 83 women with histories of depression and/or anxiety. Infant's EEG was recorded during baseline, feeding, and play at 3 and 6 months of age. Prenatal and postpartum depressive symptoms interacted significantly to predict 3- and 6-month-olds' EEG asymmetry scores. Asymmetry scores were consistent across contexts, except from baseline to feeding and play at 6 months, and stable across ages, except during feeding. Changes in depressive symptoms across ages were not associated with changes in infant EEG. Findings highlight the importance of considering both prenatal and postpartum depressive symptoms in the prediction of infant EEG, as well as the need to consider context to understand stability of infant EEG patterns.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lusby, CM; Goodman, SH; Bell, MA; Newport, DJ

Published Date

  • April 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 56 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 459 - 473

PubMed ID

  • 23852456

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23852456

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-2302

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/dev.21112


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States