Left Atrial Appendage Electrical Isolation for Treatment of Recurrent Atrial Fibrillation: A Meta-Analysis.
OBJECTIVES: In this study, the authors sought to perform a meta-analysis of controlled studies assessing the relationship between left atrial appendage (LAA) electrical isolation (EI) and recurrent atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: LAA triggers could play an important role in AF and can be treated with complete EI of the LAA via surgical or percutaneous approaches. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of all controlled studies published as of November 21, 2016, assessing the relationship between left atrial appendage electrical isolation (LAAEI) and recurrent AF. The primary endpoint was atrial tachycardia (AT) or AF recurrence after the post-procedure blanking period. The association between LAAEI and AT/AF was estimated using random-effects modeling. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using the DerSimonian and Laird method. RESULTS: We identified 7 studies including 1,037 patients; LAAEI was performed in 566 patients (55%). LAAEI was associated with a significantly lower rate of AT/AF recurrence in the primary analysis (OR: 0.38; 95% CI: 0.16 to 0.90; p = 0.02). The association between LAAEI and recurrent AT/AF was strongest in a sensitivity analysis restricted to studies of percutaneous LAAEI (OR: 0.22; 95% CI: 0.11 to 0.46; p < 0.001; 5 studies, n = 623). LAAEI was not associated with thromboembolism (OR: 0.50; 95% CI: 0.18 to 1.39; p = 0.18; 5 studies, n = 767), although these studies either incorporated LAA occlusion (3 studies, n = 552 patients) or follow-up echocardiography to assess LAA function (2 studies, n = 215 patients) to inform antithrombotic strategies. CONCLUSIONS: LAAEI is associated with a significant reduction in recurrent AT/AF. Randomized trials are required to confirm the efficacy and long-term safety of LAAEI and to determine the optimal concomitant antithrombotic strategy.
Friedman, DJ; Black-Maier, EW; Barnett, AS; Pokorney, SD; Al-Khatib, SM; Jackson, KP; Bahnson, TD; Ellis, CR; Atwater, BD; Lewis, RK; Piccini, JP
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