Single-impulse Panoramic Photoacoustic Computed Tomography of Small-animal Whole-body Dynamics at High Spatiotemporal Resolution.
Imaging of small animals has played an indispensable role in preclinical research by providing high dimensional physiological, pathological, and phenotypic insights with clinical relevance. Yet pure optical imaging suffers from either shallow penetration (up to ~1-2 mm) or a poor depth-to-resolution ratio (~1/3), and non-optical techniques for whole-body imaging of small animals lack either spatiotemporal resolution or functional contrast. Here, we demonstrate that standalone single-impulse photoacoustic computed tomography (SIP-PACT) mitigates these limitations by combining high spatiotemporal resolution (125-µm in-plane resolution, 50 µs / frame data acquisition and 50-Hz frame rate), deep penetration (48-mm cross-sectional width in vivo), anatomical, dynamical and functional contrasts, and full-view fidelity. By using SIP-PACT, we imaged in vivo whole-body dynamics of small animals in real time and obtained clear sub-organ anatomical and functional details. We tracked unlabeled circulating melanoma cells and imaged the vasculature and functional connectivity of whole rat brains. SIP-PACT holds great potential for both pre-clinical imaging and clinical translation.
Li, L; Zhu, L; Ma, C; Lin, L; Yao, J; Wang, L; Maslov, K; Zhang, R; Chen, W; Shi, J; Wang, LV
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