Whole-Body High-Pitch CT Angiography: Strategies to Reduce Radiation Dose and Contrast Volume.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the noninferiority of dual-source high-pitch CT angiography (CTA) performed with high-concentration (iopamidol 370) low-volume (60 mL) iodinated contrast material at low voltage (100 kVp) in comparison with dual-source high-pitch CTA with standard-of-care low-concentration (iopamidol 300) standard-volume (75 mL) iodinated contrast material at high voltage (120 kVp) to determine whether use of the high-concentration low-volume method would afford a reduction in radiation dose and contrast volume without negatively affecting vascular opacification. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study had three arms. A phantom was used to assess vascular contrast enhancement at different iodine and saline solution dilutions with iopamidol 300 or 370 to compare lower-iodination (iopamidol 300) high-voltage (120 kVp) high-pitch (120 kVp, 250 mAs) imaging with higher-iodination (iopamidol 370) low-voltage (100 kVp) high-pitch (100 kVp, 100-240 mAs) acquisition. Metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors were placed in an anthropomorphic phantom to extract organ-based radiation profiles, and ANOVA was performed. The study prospectively enrolled 150 patients: 50 patients received 75 mL iopamidol 300, and image acquisition was performed at 120 kVp and 250 mAs; 50 patients received 75 mL iopamidol 370, and acquisition was performed at 100 kVp and 240 mAs; and 50 patients received 60 mL iopamidol, and acquisition was performed at 370 at 100 kVp and 240 mAs. Vascular signal-to-noise ratio was evaluated at 18 anatomic locations. Longitudinal signal-to-noise ratio was used to assess homogeneity of contrast enhancement. Size-specific dose estimates were calculated. Statistical analyses were performed by ANOVA. RESULTS: Noninferiority of high-concentration (iopamidol 370) low-voltage (100 kVp) high-pitch acquisitions compared with low-concentration (iopamidol 300) high-voltage (120 kVp) high-pitch acquisition was achieved at 170 mAs in vitro. Radiation assessment showed significant decreases in radiation dose for the 100-kVp 240-mAs protocol (p < 0.0001). Noninferior vascular contrast (p > 0.280) and luminal homogeneity (p > 0.191) were found for all high-pitch protocols. Significantly decreased radiation dose was observed for the two groups that received 60 and 75 mL of iopamidol 370 at 100 kVp and 240 mAs (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Dual-source high-pitch CTA with high-concentration (iopamidol 370) low-volume (60 mL) iodinated contrast medium and low-voltage acquisition (100 kVp) is noninferior to dual-source high-pitch CTA with low-concentration (iopamidol 300) standard-volume (75 mL) iodinated contrast material at high voltage (120 kVp) and affords simultaneous reduction in radiation dose and contrast volume without negatively affecting vascular contrast enhancement.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Manneck, S; Hurwitz, LM; Seaman, DM; Heye, T; Boll, DT

Published Date

  • December 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 209 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1396 - 1403

PubMed ID

  • 28981350

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28981350

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1546-3141

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2214/AJR.16.17695

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States