Postimplantation ventricular ectopic burden and clinical outcomes in cardiac resynchronization therapy-defibrillator patients: a MADIT-CRT substudy.
BACKGROUND: Frequent ventricular ectopy on preimplantation Holter has been associated with attenuated benefit from cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). However, it is unclear whether ectopic burden measured post-CRT implantation can be utilized to evaluate long-term prognosis. We aimed to describe the association between post-CRT implantation ectopic burden and subsequent risk of clinical outcomes. METHODS: At the 12-month follow-up visit, 24-hour Holter recordings were performed in 698 CRT-D patients from the MADIT-CRT study. The mean number of ventricular premature complexes (VPCs/hour) was calculated. High ectopic burden was defined as >10 VPCs/hour and low burden as ≤10 VPCs/hour. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were utilized to assess the association between 12-month ectopic burden and the risk of the end points of heart failure (HF) or death and ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VT/VF). RESULTS: At 12 months, 282 (40%) patients presented with low ectopic burden and 416 (60%) patients presented with high ectopic burden. The 3-year risk of HF/death and VT/VF was lower in patients with a low burden (7% and 8%) and significantly higher (25% and 24%) in patients with high burden. In multivariate analyses, patients with a high ectopic burden had approximately threefold increased risk of both HF/death (HR=2.76 [1.62-4.70], p < .001) and VT/VF (HR=2.79 [1.69-4.58], p < .001). CONCLUSION: In CRT-D patients with mild heart failure, high ectopic burden at 12-month follow-up was associated with a high 3-year risk of HF/death and VT/VF and threefold increased risk as compared to patients with low burden. Ectopic burden at 12 months may be a valuable approach for evaluating long-term prognosis.
Ruwald, A-C; Aktas, MK; Ruwald, MH; Kutyifa, V; McNitt, S; Jons, C; Mittal, S; Steinberg, JS; Daubert, JP; Moss, AJ; Zareba, W
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