Rationale and design of the ICON-RELOADED study: International Collaborative of N-terminal pro-B-type Natriuretic Peptide Re-evaluation of Acute Diagnostic Cut-Offs in the Emergency Department.
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to reassess use of amino-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentrations for diagnosis and prognosis of acute heart failure (HF) in patients with acute dyspnea. BACKGROUND: NT-proBNP facilitates diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment in patients with suspected or proven acute HF. As demographics of such patients are changing, previous diagnostic NT-proBNP thresholds may need updating. Additionally, value of in-hospital NT-proBNP prognostic monitoring for HF is less understood. METHODS: In a prospective, multicenter study in the United States and Canada, patients presenting to emergency departments with acute dyspnea were enrolled, with demographic, medication, imaging, and clinical course information collected. NT-proBNP analysis will be performed using the Roche Diagnostics Elecsys proBNPII immunoassay in blood samples obtained at baseline and at discharge (if hospitalized). Primary end points include positive predictive value of previously established age-stratified NT-proBNP thresholds for the adjudicated diagnosis of acute HF and its negative predictive value to exclude acute HF. Secondary end points include sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative likelihood ratios for acute HF and, among those with HF, the prognostic value of baseline and predischarge NT-proBNP for adjudicated clinical end points (including all-cause death and hospitalization) at 30 and 180days. RESULTS: A total of 1,461 dyspneic subjects have been enrolled and are eligible for analysis. Follow-up for clinical outcome is ongoing. CONCLUSIONS: The International Collaborative of N-terminal pro-B-type Natriuretic Peptide Re-evaluation of Acute Diagnostic Cut-Offs in the Emergency Department study offers a contemporary opportunity to understand best diagnostic cutoff points for NT-proBNP in acute HF and validate in-hospital monitoring of HF using NT-proBNP.
Gaggin, HK; Chen-Tournoux, AA; Christenson, RH; Doros, G; Hollander, JE; Levy, PD; Nagurney, JT; Nowak, RM; Pang, PS; Patel, D; Peacock, WF; Walters, EL; Januzzi, JL; ICON-RELOADED Investigators,
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