Immune mechanisms in inflammatory and degenerative eye disease.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

It has recently been recognized that pathology of age-associated degenerative eye diseases such as adult macular degeneration (AMD), glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy, have strong immunological underpinnings. Attempts have been made to extrapolate to age-related degenerative disease insights from inflammatory processes associated with non-infectious uveitis, but these have not yet been sufficiently informative. Here we review recent findings on the immune processes underlying uveitis and those that have been shown to contribute to AMD, discussing in this context parallels and differences between overt inflammation and para-inflammation in the eye. We propose that mechanisms associated with ocular immune privilege, in combination with paucity of age-related antigen(s) within the target tissue, dampen what could otherwise be overt inflammation and result in the para-inflammation that characterizes age-associated neurodegenerative disease.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Perez, VL; Caspi, RR

Published Date

  • June 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 36 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 354 - 363

PubMed ID

  • 25981967

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4563859

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1471-4981

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England