Role of interleukin 12 and costimulators in T cell anergy in vivo.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The induction of T cell anergy in vivo is thought to result from antigen recognition in the absence of co-stimulation and inflammation, and is associated with a block in T cell proliferation and Th1 differentiation. Here we have examined the role of interleukin (IL)-12, a potent inducer of Th1 responses, in regulating this process. T cell tolerance was induced by the administration of protein antigen without adjuvant in normal mice, and in recipients of adoptively transferred T cells from T cell receptor transgenic mice. The administration of IL-12 at the time of tolerance induction stimulates Th1 differentiation, but does not promote antigen-specific T cell proliferation. Conversely, inhibiting CTLA-4 engagement during anergy induction reverses the block in T cell proliferation, but does not promote full Th1 differentiation. T cells exposed to tolerogenic antigen in the presence of both IL-12 and anti-CTLA-4 antibody are not anergized, and behave identically to T cells which have encountered immunogenic antigen. These results suggest that two processes contribute to the induction of anergy in vivo; CTLA-4 engagement, which leads to a block in the ability of T cells to proliferate to antigen, and the absence of a prototypic inflammatory cytokine, IL-12, which prevents the differentiation of T cells into Th1 effector cells. The combination of IL-12 and anti-CTLA-4 antibody is sufficient to convert a normally tolerogenic stimulus to an immunogenic one.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Van Parijs, L; Perez, VL; Biuckians, A; Maki, RG; London, CA; Abbas, AK

Published Date

  • October 6, 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 186 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1119 - 1128

PubMed ID

  • 9314560

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2199065

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-1007

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1084/jem.186.7.1119


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States