Antimüllerian hormone as a predictor of natural fecundability in women aged 30-42 years.

Journal Article (Journal Article)


To generate estimates of the association between markers of ovarian aging and natural fertility in a community sample at risk for ovarian aging.


Women aged 30-44 years with no history of infertility who had been trying to conceive for less than 3 months provided early-follicular phase serum and urine (N=100). Subsequently, these women kept a diary to record menstrual bleeding and intercourse and conducted standardized pregnancy testing for up to 6 months. Serum was analyzed for estradiol, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), antimüllerian hormone, and inhibin B. Urine was analyzed for FSH and estrone 3-glucuronide. Diary data on menstrual cycle day and patterns of intercourse were used to calculate day-specific fecundability ratios.


Sixty-three percent of participants conceived within 6 months. After adjusting for age, 18 women (18%) with serum antimüllerian hormone levels of 0.7 ng/mL or less had significantly reduced fecundability given intercourse on a fertile day compared with women with higher antimüllerian hormone levels (fecundability ratio 0.38; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.08-0.91). The day-specific fecundability for women with early-follicular phase serum FSH values greater than 10 milli-international units/mL compared with women with lower FSH levels was also reduced, although nonsignificantly (11% of women affected; fecundability ratio 0.44; 95% CI 0.08-1.10). The association with urinary FSH was weaker (27% women affected; fecundability ratio 0.61; 95% CI 0.26-1.26), and the associations for the other markers were weaker still.


Early-follicular phase antimüllerian hormone appears to be associated with natural fertility in the general population.

Level of evidence


Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Steiner, AZ; Herring, AH; Kesner, JS; Meadows, JW; Stanczyk, FZ; Hoberman, S; Baird, DD

Published Date

  • April 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 117 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 798 - 804

PubMed ID

  • 21422850

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3825553

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-233X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0029-7844

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/aog.0b013e3182116bc8


  • eng