Association Between Targeted HER-2 Therapy and Breast Reconstruction Outcomes: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis.
BACKGROUND: Current treatment for HER-2+ breast cancer includes chemotherapy and targeted HER-2 therapy with trastuzumab and/or pertuzumab. Evidence is lacking on the safety of breast reconstructive operations in these patients. We hypothesized that targeted HER-2 therapy was not associated with post-mastectomy reconstructive outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Women receiving chemotherapy and post-mastectomy reconstruction at Duke University Medical Center from 2006 to 2016 were retrospectively identified. Patients receiving targeted HER-2 therapy with trastuzumab and/or pertuzumab within 6 weeks before breast reconstruction were propensity score-matched 1:1 to patients who did not receive targeted HER-2 therapy, based on the following factors: age, obesity, diabetes, tobacco use, receipt of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, chemotherapy regimen, and radiation therapy. Primary study outcomes included the occurrence of hematoma, seroma, infection, wound breakdown, mastectomy skin flap necrosis, and postoperative flap thrombosis. RESULTS: A total of 481 women were identified, resulting in 107 propensity score-matched pairs. Administration of combined trastuzumab and pertuzumab therapy before breast reconstruction was independently associated with increased risk of postoperative wound breakdown requiring operative intervention for closure, compared with patients not undergoing targeted HER-2 therapy (odds ratio 65.29; 95% CI 1.63 to 2,611.50; p = 0.03). In addition, larger tumor size (2 to 5 cm) was significantly associated with a reduced risk of postoperative wound breakdown, compared with smaller tumors (<2 cm) (odds ratio 0.41; 95% CI 0.19 to 0.87; p = 0.02). Single-agent targeted HER-2 therapy with trastuzumab was not significantly associated with reconstructive complications. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that trastuzumab therapy in conjunction with breast reconstructive operation is not associated with reconstructive complications, and breast reconstruction does not need to be delayed due to the administration of trastuzumab. Future studies are needed to evaluate the impact of pertuzumab on surgical outcomes.
Shammas, RL; Cho, EH; Glener, AD; Poveromo, LP; Mundy, LR; Greenup, RA; Blackwell, KL; Hollenbeck, ST
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