Distinct Angiogenic Changes during Carcinogenesis Defined by Novel Label-Free Dark-Field Imaging in a Hamster Cheek Pouch Model.
There remain gaps in knowledge concerning how vascular morphology evolves during carcinogenesis. In this study, we imaged neovascularization by label-free dark-field microscopy of a 7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced hamster cheek pouch model of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Wavelength-dependent imaging revealed distinct vascular features at different imaging depths and vessel sizes. Vascular tortuosity increased significantly in high-risk lesions, whereas diameter decreased significantly in hyperplastic and SCC lesions. Large vessels preserved the same trends seen in the original images, whereas small vessels displayed different trends, with length and diameter increasing during carcinogenesis. On the basis of these data, we developed and validated a classification algorithm incorporating vascular features from different vessel masks. Receiver operator curves generated from the classification results demonstrated high accuracies in discriminating normal and hyperplasia from high-grade lesions (AUC > 0.94). Overall, these results provided automated imaging of vasculature in the earliest stages of carcinogenesis from which one can extract robust endpoints. The optical toolbox described here is simple, low-cost and portable, and can be used in a variety of health care and research settings for cancer prevention and pharmacology research. Cancer Res; 77(24); 7109-19. ©2017 AACR.
Hu, F; Martin, H; Martinez, A; Everitt, J; Erkanli, A; Lee, WT; Dewhirst, M; Ramanujam, N
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