The epidemiology of metaplastic breast cancer: A review of 2,500 cases from the national cancer database.
1570 Background: Metaplastic breast cancer (MBC) is a rare, aggressive, sarcomatoid breast cancer that was first described in 1973 but only became recognized as a histologically distinct entity in 2000. Given the paucity of data on the epidemiology of MBC, we performed a population-based analysis to delineate sociodemographic and clinicopathological characteristics associated with increased likelihood of MBC diagnosis. Methods: Adult female breast cancer patients with stage I-III MBC and non-MBC histology diagnosed between 2010 and 2013 were identified in the National Cancer Database (NCDB). Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with diagnosis of MBC, and Cox proportional hazards modeling was used to estimate the effect of MBC on overall survival. Results: 2,451 MBC and 568,057 non-MBC patients were identified. After adjusting for receptor status (ER, PR, HER2), age, stage, grade, and treatment variables, MBC patients had worse survival than non-MBC patients (HR 1.45, p < 0.001). Compared to non-MBC patients, a higher proportion of MBC patients were non-Hispanic black (16.7% vs 10.5%), had an annual income < $35k (29.0% vs 25.5%), had lower high school completion rates (36.7% vs 33.9%), were treated at academic centers (35.5% vs 30.8%), and had government-sponsored insurance (48.8% vs 43.7%, all p < 0.01). MBC diagnosis was more likely in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (OR 20.71), higher clinical T stage (cT4 vs cT1: OR 6.18), and lower clinical N stage (cN1 vs cN0: OR 0.38, all p < 0.001). MBC patients were also more likely to be diagnosed based on pathology from their first operation rather than preoperatively (OR 1.41, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Black women and women of low socioeconomic status were at increased risk for diagnosis with MBC. Though MBC was more likely to be treated at academic centers, MBC was less likely to be diagnosed prior to surgical intervention. Many of the sociodemographic factors associated with MBC have also been associated with triple-negative breast cancer. Additional research is needed to determine the contribution of sociodemographic factors to the epidemiology of MBC independent of receptor status.
Campbell, BM; Thomas, SM; Ong, CT; Greenup, RA; Plichta, JK; Rosenberger, LH; Force, JM; Hyslop, T; Hwang, E-SS; Fayanju, OM
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