Number of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in breast cancer brain metastases compared to matched breast primaries.
2049 Background: Breast cancer brain metastasis (BCBM) is frequent in advanced disease, has limited therapies, and is associated with poor prognosis. Increased stromal tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (sTILs) are prognostic in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and predictive of therapeutic response in early breast cancer (BC). However, little is known about sTILs in the metastatic setting. We compared %sTILs between the largest known cohort of matched primary tumors and BCBM and correlated the results with clinical endpoints. Methods: We retrospectively investigated 37 matched primary tumors and BCBM tissue from three institutions. In addition, we identified 29 primary tumors from patients later diagnosed with BCBM. H&E-stained sections were manually measured for %sTILs using standard criteria. Wilcoxon signed rank tests assessed for changes in %sTILs between primary and metastatic lesions. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine if %sTILs in the breast tissue predicts time from primary tumor biopsy to diagnosis of brain metastasis (TTDBM) while adjusting for clinicopathologic features. Results: Average age at time of BCBM diagnosis was 53.6 (SD 12.3). 52% (34/66) of primary tumors were hormone receptor (HR) positive. Of 60 patients with known HER2 status, 28% (17) were HER2 positive and 40% (24) TNBC. Median %sTILS was significantly different between all primary tumors (15, IQR 5-20) and brain metastases (10, IQR 5-10), p = 0.001. The TNBC subtype (n = 11) showed the largest decrease in %sTILs between primary tumors (20, IQR 10-20) and brain metastases (5, IQR 5-10), p = 0.022. Comparing primary tumors and brain metastases, there was a 5% decrease in %sTILs in HR-/HER2+ (n = 5, p = 0.13) and HR+/HER2- (n = 7, p = 0.13), and a 5% increase in %sTILs in the HR+/Her2+ subtype (n = 9, p = 0.69). Percent sTILs in the primary tumors was not a significant predictor of TTDBM, when adjusting for race, age, HR status, and HER2 status, p = 0.87. Conclusions: BCBM have a significantly decreased %sTILs compared to their primary tumors, most prominent in TNBC. These results suggest altered tumor immunogenicity in the metastatic setting which has broad implications for the development of immunotherapy.
Narloch, J; Luedke, C; Broadwater, G; Priedigkeit, N; Hall, A; Hyslop, T; Sammons, SL; Huggins-Puhalla, SL; Leone, JP; Ramirez, J; Kirkpatrick, JP; Ewend, MG; Fecci, PE; Brufsky, A; Lee, AV; Anders, CK; Blackwell, KL
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