Management of Persistent Angina After Myocardial Infarction Treated With Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Insights From the TRANSLATE-ACS Study.
BACKGROUND: Angina has important implications for patients' quality of life and healthcare utilization. Angina management after acute myocardial infarction (MI) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: TRANSLATE-ACS (Treatment With Adenosine Diphosphate Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment of Treatment Patterns and Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome) was a longitudinal study of MI patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention at 233 US hospitals from 2010 to 2012. Among patients with self-reported angina at 6 weeks post-MI, we described patterns of angina and antianginal medication use through 1 year postdischarge. Of 10 870 percutaneous coronary intervention-treated MI patients, 3190 (29.3%) reported angina symptoms at 6 weeks post-MI; of these, 658 (20.6%) had daily/weekly angina while 2532 (79.4%) had monthly angina. Among patients with 6-week angina, 2936 (92.0%) received β-blockers during the 1 year post-MI, yet only 743 (23.3%) were treated with other antianginal medications. At 1 year, 1056 patients (33.1%) with 6-week angina reported persistent angina symptoms. Of these, only 31.2% had been prescribed non-β-blocker antianginal medications at any time in the past year. Among patients undergoing revascularization during follow-up, only 25.9% were on ≥1 non-β-blocker anti-anginal medication at the time of the procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Angina is present in one third of percutaneous coronary intervention-treated MI patients as early as 6 weeks after discharge, and many of these patients have persistent angina at 1 year. Non-β-blocker antianginal medications are infrequently used in these patients, even among those with persistent angina and those undergoing revascularization.
Fanaroff, AC; Kaltenbach, LA; Peterson, ED; Hess, CN; Cohen, DJ; Fonarow, GC; Wang, TY
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