MYCN concurrence with SAHA-induced cell death in human neuroblastoma cells.
In the past, the HDAC inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) has been shown to induce apoptosis in several human tumor types, including neuroblastomas. Amplification and over-expression of the MYCN oncogene is a diagnostic hallmark and a poor prognostic indicator in high-risk neuroblastomas. Here, we studied the relationship between MYCN amplification and over-expression and the anti-tumor effect of SAHA to assess whether this drug may serve as a treatment option for high-risk neuroblastomas.Different human neuroblastoma cell lines, over-expressing or not over-expressing MYCN, were used in this study. Targeted knockdown and exogenous over-expression of MYCN were employed to examine correlations between MYCN expression levels and SAHA responses. After various time periods and concentration exposures to the drug, cell viability was measured by MTS assay, and variations in MYCN mRNA and protein levels were assessed by qPCR and Western blotting, respectively.We found that SAHA decreased cell viability in all cell lines tested through apoptosis induction, and that SAHA had a stronger effect on cell lines carrying an amplified MYCN gene. A decrease in MYCN mRNA and protein levels was observed in the SAHA treated cell lines. Subsequent silencing and exogenous over-expression of MYCN changed the proliferation rate of the cells, but did not have any significant impact on the effect of SAHA on the viability of the cells. We also found that SAHA blocked the expression of MYCN and, by doing so, reduced the effects mediated by this protein.Our results suggest that SAHA may be used as a single-drug treatment option for neuroblastomas with an amplified MYCN gene, and as an adjuvant treatment option for all neuroblastomas.
Cortés, C; Kozma, SC; Tauler, A; Ambrosio, S
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