Genetic correlates of insight in schizophrenia.

Published

Journal Article

Insight in schizophrenia is clinically important as it is associated with several adverse outcomes. Genetic contributions to insight are unknown. We examined genetic contributions to insight by investigating if polygenic risk scores (PRS) and candidate regions were associated with insight. METHOD: Schizophrenia case-only analysis of the Clinical Antipsychotics Trials of Intervention Effectiveness trial. Schizophrenia PRS was constructed using Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC) leave-one out GWAS as discovery data set. For candidate regions, we selected 105 schizophrenia-associated autosomal loci and 11 schizophrenia-related oligodendrocyte genes. We used regressions to examine PRS associations and set-based testing for candidate analysis. RESULTS: We examined data from 730 subjects. Best-fit PRS at p-threshold of 1e-07 was associated with total insight (R2=0.005, P=0.05, empirical P=0.054) and treatment insight (R2=0.005, P=0.048, empirical P=0.048). For models that controlled for neurocognition, PRS significantly predicted treatment insight but at higher p-thresholds (0.1 to 0.5) but did not survive correction. Patients with highest polygenic burden had 5.9 times increased risk for poor insight compared to patients with lowest burden. PRS explained 3.2% (P=0.002, empirical P=0.011) of variance in poor insight. Set-based analyses identified two variants associated with poor insight- rs320703, an intergenic variant (within-set P=6e-04, FDR P=0.046) and rs1479165 in SOX2-OT (within-set P=9e-04, FDR P=0.046). CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study examining genetic basis of insight. We provide evidence for genetic contributions to impaired insight. Relevance of findings and necessity for replication are discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Xavier, RM; Vorderstrasse, A; Keefe, RSE; Dungan, JR

Published Date

  • May 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 195 /

Start / End Page

  • 290 - 297

PubMed ID

  • 29054485

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29054485

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-2509

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.schres.2017.10.021

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands