Retinal vasculature and 5-year metabolic syndrome among women with gestational diabetes mellitus.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at greater risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). We studied the association between second-trimester retinal microvasculature and 5-year MetS incidence in women with GDM. METHODS: A total of 142 mothers with GDM were recruited and followed up 5years after delivery. Retinal photography was performed at 26-28weeks gestation and metabolic outcomes were assessed at the 5-year postpartum follow-up visit. GDM and MetS were defined based on World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines and Adults Treatment Panel (ATP) III guidelines, respectively. Modified-Poisson regression was applied to study the association between second-trimester retinal microvasculature and incident 5-year maternal MetS, after adjusting for major confounders. Area under the curve (AUC) was calculated based on the final model. RESULTS: Our prospective cohort reported a 9.2% incidence rate of 5-year MetS among women with GDM. After adjusting for maternal age, ethnicity, college degree, pre-pregnancy BMI and fasting glucose at 26-28week gestation, each 10μm widening in retinal venular caliber was associated with an increased relative risk of 1.6 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.0, 2.8) in incident MetS. In addition to traditional risks of pre-pregnancy BMI and fasting glucose level at 26-28week gestation, retinal venular caliber mildly increased the prediction of 5-year maternal MetS by 1.8%. CONCLUSIONS: Second-trimester retinal venular widening was associated with incident 5-year maternal MetS in women with GDM. Our study suggests that mother with GDM at risk of future MetS development may have already presented retinal microvascular abnormalities during pregnancy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Li, L-J; Tan, KH; Aris, IM; Man, REK; Gan, ATL; Chong, YS; Saw, SM; Gluckman, P; Wong, TY; Lamoureux, E

Published Date

  • June 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 83 /

Start / End Page

  • 216 - 224

PubMed ID

  • 29051041

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-8600

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.metabol.2017.10.004


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States