Experimental investigation of perpetual points in mechanical systems
© 2017, The Author(s). In dissipative dynamical systems, equilibrium (stationary) points have a dominant organizing effect on transient motion in phase space, especially in nonlinear systems. These time-independent solutions are readily defined in the context of ordinary differential equations, that is, they occur when all the time derivatives are simultaneously zero. However, there has been some recent interest in perpetual points: points at which the higher time derivatives are zero, but not necessarily the first. Previous work has focused on analytic work (including simulation) and some experimental studies of electric circuits. This paper focuses attention on the occurrence of these points in a simple mechanical system, including experimental verification. Thus, points of zero acceleration can be found in which the corresponding velocity is a maximum or minimum, but not zero. Specifically, the rigid-arm pendulum is used to generate data for which acceleration (and its derivative) can be evaluated. In this paper an experimental (mechanical) setup is described, specifically designed to investigate perpetual points, including a description of the data analysis approaches developed to identify their location.
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)