Pneumocystis pneumonia in HIV-positive adults, Malawi.
In a prospective study of 660 HIV-positive Malawian adults, we diagnosed Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PcP) using clinical features, induced sputum for immunofluorescent staining, real-time PCR, and posttreatment follow-up. PcP incidence was highest in patients with the lowest CD4 counts, but PcP is uncommon compared with incidences of pulmonary tuberculosis and bacterial pneumonia.
van Oosterhout, JJG; Laufer, MK; Perez, MA; Graham, SM; Chimbiya, N; Thesing, PC; Alvarez-Martinez, MJ; Wilson, PE; Chagomerana, M; Zijlstra, EE; Taylor, TE; Plowe, CV; Meshnick, SR
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