Pneumocystis pneumonia in HIV-positive adults, Malawi.


Journal Article

In a prospective study of 660 HIV-positive Malawian adults, we diagnosed Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PcP) using clinical features, induced sputum for immunofluorescent staining, real-time PCR, and posttreatment follow-up. PcP incidence was highest in patients with the lowest CD4 counts, but PcP is uncommon compared with incidences of pulmonary tuberculosis and bacterial pneumonia.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • van Oosterhout, JJG; Laufer, MK; Perez, MA; Graham, SM; Chimbiya, N; Thesing, PC; Alvarez-Martinez, MJ; Wilson, PE; Chagomerana, M; Zijlstra, EE; Taylor, TE; Plowe, CV; Meshnick, SR

Published Date

  • February 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 325 - 328

PubMed ID

  • 17479904

Pubmed Central ID

  • 17479904

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1080-6040

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3201/eid1302.060462


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States