Gunshot-Induced Aorto-Left Atrial Fistula Diagnosed by Intraoperative Transesophageal Echocardiography.
Aorto-left atrial fistula (AAF) is rarely encountered in clinical practice, and the early diagnosis can be very challenging. This report describes a unique case of AAF caused by a gunshot injury and the pivotal role of transesophageal echocardiography for diagnosis and assessment.
Nandate, K; Krishnamoorthy, V; McIntyre, LK; Verrier, ED; Mackensen, GB
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