Outcomes following elective resection of congenital pulmonary airway malformations are equivalent after 3 months of age and a weight of 5 kg.
PURPOSE: Resection of congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAMs) is often performed to reduce the risk of recurrent infection and malignant transformation. However, there is substantial variation in the timing of resection. This study was performed to determine the association of age and weight on outcomes following elective resection of CPAMs. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric database from 2012 to 2014 was queried for infants undergoing elective resection of a CPAM. Infants were categorized based on age (0-3months, 3-6months, 6-9months, 9-12months, and >12months) and weight (0-5kg, 5-10kg, and >10kg). Groups were compared for baseline characteristics and outcomes including a morbidity composite of pneumonia, reintubation, ventilator days >0, reoperation, readmission, hospital length of stay >7days, and mortality. RESULTS: A total of 311 infants met study criteria. The morbidity composite was significantly more common among infants <3months of age compared to infants >3months of age (31.3% vs. 15.6%, p=0.01) and among infants <5kg as compared to infants >5kg (37.5% vs. 15.8%, p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Infants should be observed until three months of age and a weight of five kilograms prior to elective resection of CPAMs. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III.
Gulack, BC; Leraas, HJ; Ezekian, B; Kim, J; Reed, C; Adibe, OO; Rice, HE; Tracy, ET
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