Changes in Tricuspid Annular Geometry in Patients with Functional Tricuspid Regurgitation.
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the indices of tricuspid annular dynamics that signify irreversible tricuspid valvular remodeling can improve surgical decision making by helping to better identify patients with functional tricuspid regurgitation who could benefit from annuloplasty. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis study. SETTING: Tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total number of 55 patients were selected, 18 with functional tricuspid valve (TV) regurgitation and 37 normal nonregurgitant TVs. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: When comparing the basal, mid, and longitudinal diameters of the right ventricle between the nonregurgitant valve (NTR) group and the functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) group, tricuspid annulus was more dilated (p < 0.001, p = 0.001, and p = 0.006, respectively) and less nonplanar (p < 0.001) in the FTR group. At end-systole (ES), the posterolateral-anteroseptal axis was significantly greater in the FTR group than in the NTR group (mean difference = 7.15 mm; p < 0.001). The right ventricle in the FTR group was also significantly dilated with greater leaflet restriction (p = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: As compared to NTR TVs, FTR is associated with identifiable indices of tricuspid annular structural changes that are indicative of irreversible remodeling.
Hai, T; Amador, Y; Mahmood, F; Jeganathan, J; Khamooshian, A; Knio, ZO; Matyal, R; Nicoara, A; Liu, DC; Senthilnathan, V; Khabbaz, KR
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