Variation in bowel and bladder continence across US spina bifida programs: A descriptive study.

Published

Journal Article

PURPOSE: Continence is low in individuals with spina bifida, but published prevalence varies markedly across studies. The objective of this study was to examine bladder and bowel continence among patients served by multidisciplinary clinics participating in the National Spina Bifida Patient Registry and to examine whether variation in prevalence exists across clinics. METHODS: Data were obtained from patients 5 years and older from March 2009 to December 2012. Data were gathered at clinic visits using standardized definitions. RESULTS: Data from 3252 individuals were included. Only 40.8% of participants were continent of urine; 43% were continent of stool. Bladder and bowel continence differed by spina bifida type, with those with myelomeningocele having significantly lower reported prevalence of continence than those with other forms of spina bifida. Bladder and bowel continence varied across registry sites. Adjustment based on demographic and condition-specific variables did not make substantive differences in prevalence observed. CONCLUSION: Less than half of spina bifida patients served in multidisciplinary clinics report bladder or bowel continence. Variability in prevalence was observed across clinics. Further research is needed to examine if clinic-specific variables (e.g., types of providers, types of interventions used) account for the observed variation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Freeman, KA; Castillo, H; Castillo, J; Liu, T; Schechter, M; Wiener, JS; Thibadeau, J; Ward, E; Brei, T

Published Date

  • December 11, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 10 / 3-4

Start / End Page

  • 231 - 241

PubMed ID

  • 29125511

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29125511

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1875-8894

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3233/PRM-170450

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands