Prediction of potential for organ donation after circulatory death in neurocritical patients.
BACKGROUND:The success or failure of donation after circulatory death depends largely on the functional warm ischemia time, which is closely related to the duration between withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment and circulatory arrest. However, a reliable predictive model for the duration is absent. We aimed to compare the performance of the Chinese Donation after Circulatory Death Nomogram (C-DCD-Nomogram) and 3 other tools in a cohort of potential donors. METHODS:In this prospective, multicenter, observational study, data were obtained from 219 consecutive neurocritical patients in China. The patients were followed until circulatory death after withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment. RESULTS:The C-DCD-Nomogram performed well in predicting patient death within 30, 60, 120 and 240 minutes after withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment with c-statistics of 0.87, 0.88, 0.86 and 0.95, respectively. The DCD-N score was a poor predictor of death within 30, 60 and 240 minutes, with c-statistics of 0.63, 0.69 and 0.59, respectively, although it was able to predict patient death within 120 minutes, with a c-statistic of 0.73. Neither the University of Wisconsin DCD evaluation tool (UWDCD) nor the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) criteria was able to predict patient death within 30, 60, 120 and 240 minutes after withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment (UWDCD tool: 0.48, 0.45, 0.49 and 0.57; UNOS criteria: 0.50, 0.53, 0.51 and 0.63). CONCLUSION:The C-DCD-Nomogram is superior to the other 3 tools for predicting death within a limited duration after withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment in Chinese neurocritical patients. Thus, it appears to be a reliable tool identifying potential donors after circulatory death.
Xu, G; Guo, Z; Liang, W; Xin, E; Liu, B; Xu, Y; Luan, Z; Schroder, PM; Manyalich, M; Ko, DS-C; He, X
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