Universal Nonequilibrium I-V Curve at an Interacting Impurity Quantum Critical Point
The nonlinear I-V curve at an interacting quantum critical point (QCP) is typically out of reach theoretically. Here, however, we provide an analytical calculation of the I-V curve at a QCP under nonequilibrium conditions and, furthermore, present experimental results to which the theory is compared. The system is a quantum dot coupled to resistive leads: a spinless resonant level interacting with an ohmic electromagnetic environment. A two channel Kondo like QCP occurs when the level is on resonance and symmetrically coupled to the leads. Though similar to a resonant level in a Luttinger liquid, a key difference enables us to obtain the current at finite temperature and bias: because there are modes that do not initially couple to the environment, an analysis in terms of weak backscattering of non-interacting fermions coupled to a modified environment is possible. Drawing on dynamical Coulomb blockade theory, we then obtain an analytical expression for the nonlinear I-V curve. The agreement between our theoretical and experimental results is remarkable.
Zhang, G; Chung, C-H; Ke, CT; Lin, C-Y; Mebrahtu, H; Smirnov, AI; Finkelstein, G; Baranger, HU
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