Diagnostic Accuracy of Screening Tests and Treatment for Post-Acute Coronary Syndrome Depression: A Systematic Review.
Patients who have had an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) event have an increased risk for depression.To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of depression screening instruments and to compare safety and effectiveness of depression treatments in adults within 3 months of an ACS event.MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from January 2003 to August 2017, and a manual search of citations from key primary and review articles.English-language studies of post-ACS patients that evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of depression screening tools or compared the safety and effectiveness of a broad range of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic depression treatments.2 investigators independently screened each article for inclusion; abstracted the data; and rated the quality, applicability, and strength of evidence.Evidence from 6 of the 10 included studies showed that a range of depression screening instruments produces acceptable levels of diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and negative predictive values (70% to 100%) but low positive predictive values (below 50%). The Beck Depression Inventory-II was the most studied tool. A large study found that a combination of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and antidepressant medication improved depression symptoms, mental health-related function, and overall life satisfaction more than usual care.Few studies, no evaluation of the influence of screening on clinical outcomes, and no studies addressing several clinical interventions of interest.Depression screening instruments produce diagnostic accuracy metrics that are similar in post-ACS patients and other clinical populations. Depression interventions have an uncertain effect on cardiovascular outcomes, but CBT combined with antidepressant medication produces modest improvement in psychosocial outcomes.Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (PROSPERO: CRD42016047032).
Nieuwsma, JA; Williams, JW; Namdari, N; Washam, JB; Raitz, G; Blumenthal, JA; Jiang, W; Yapa, R; McBroom, AJ; Lallinger, K; Schmidt, R; Kosinski, AS; Sanders, GD
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