[Other indications for surfactant]

Journal Article

OBJECTIVE: The introduction of surfactant replacement therapy in the management of respiratory distress syndrome in the premature infant was a remarkable advance in neonatal intensive care. In the last few years, recognition of the role played by surfactant inactivation in the pathogenesis of other respiratory diseases of the newborn has justified new therapeutic applications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of treatment with natural exogenous surfactant in situations with secondary surfactant deficiency. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the evolution of 15 newborn infants treated with natural exogenous surfactant. Nine infants had meconium aspiration syndrome, five had congenital pneumonia and one had adult respiratory distress syndrome. Oxygenation indexes before and after surfactant treatment as well as clinical and radiographic evolution were compared. RESULTS: The 12 surviving infants showed improvement in oxygenation and radiographic alterations after surfactant administration. Three patients with meconium aspiration syndrome died. CONCLUSIONS: These results support the therapeutic use of exogenous surfactant in severe respiratory diseases of the newborn causing secondary surfactant deficiency.

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Proença Fernandes, E; Carvalho, C; Silva, A; Ferreira, P; Alegria, A; Lopes, L; Areias, MA

Published Date

  • January 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 56 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 45 - 48

PubMed ID

  • 11792244

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1577-2799

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0302-4342

Language

  • spa