Diagnosis and management of acute heart failure


Book Section

© Springer-Verlag London 2014. Heart failure (HF) is a complex disorder that consists of a clinical syndrome with symptoms associated with pulmonary or systemic congestion with or without poor cardiac output. Acute heart failure is defined as acute onset of signs and symptoms of HF requiring urgent or emergent intervention. Symptoms may be of new onset or recurrent. Acute HF can be associated with reduced LV systolic dysfunction (HFrEF or Systolic HF) or can occur in patients with preserved LV ejection fraction (LVEF) (HFpEF or diastolic HF); up to 50 % of patients hospitalized with acute HF have preserved LV systolic function. It is important to recognize that acute HF can present without signs and symptoms of congestion and patients may only have manifestations of low cardiac output and cardiogenic shock.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Parks, KA; Januzzi, JL

Published Date

  • January 1, 2014

Book Title

  • MGH Cardiology Board Review

Start / End Page

  • 238 - 254

International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)

  • 9781447144823

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/978-1-4471-4483-0_14

Citation Source

  • Scopus