A selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 reverses endotoxin-induced pyretic responses in non-human primates.

Published

Journal Article

The anti-pyretic effect of a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, DFU (5,5-dimethyl-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4-(4-methylsulfonyl)phenyl-2(5H)-furano ne), was examined in conscious, un-restrained squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) using a radio telemetric system. Injection of bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, 6 microg kg(-1), i.v.) in squirrel monkeys caused a gradual increase in core body temperature reaching a plateau of 2.07 +/- 0.17 degrees C above baseline at 2 h post-injection. Oral administration of DFU (1 mg kg(-1)) reduced, and DFU (3 mg kg(-1)) completely reversed the lipopolysaccharide-induced pyretic responses. The onset of action of DFU (about 30 min) is in good agreement with the pharmacokinetic profile of this compound in squirrel monkeys. The effect of DFU is comparable to that of a conventional non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), diclofenac (3 mg kg(-1)). Since the plasma levels achieved for DFU at the dose employed in the present study are below the threshold required for inhibition of cyclooxygenase-1, it is concluded that the anti-pyretic effect of DFU can be attributed predominantly to an inhibitory action on cyclooxygenase-2. Thus, lipopolysaccharide-induced pyresis in squirrel monkeys can be used as a model for evaluation of anti-pyretic activity of cyclooxygenase inhibitors.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chan, CC; Panneton, M; Taylor, AM; Therien, M; Rodger, IW

Published Date

  • May 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 327 / 2-3

Start / End Page

  • 221 - 225

PubMed ID

  • 9200563

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9200563

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-0712

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0014-2999

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0014-2999(97)89664-1

Language

  • eng