Coexistence of urinary incontinence and major depressive disorder with health-related quality of life in older Americans with and without cancer.
PURPOSE: This study evaluates the prevalence and factors associated with major depressive disorder (MDD) in a population of cancer survivors and the impact of co-occurring MDD and urinary incontinence (UI) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: The prevalence of MDD risk among cancer survivors (breast, prostate, bladder, colorectal, lung, and endometrial/uterine cancers) and those without cancer was estimated using the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program-Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (SEER-MHOS) linked database (n = 9,282 with cancer/n = 289,744 without cancer). Risk for MDD was measured using three items from the Diagnostic Interview Schedule, and HRQOL was measured by the SF-36. UI was defined as self-reported leakage of urine causing a problem in previous 6 months. Factors associated with MDD were investigated using logistic regression, and the impact of co-occurring MDD and UI on HRQOL scores was determined using linear regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of MDD risk ranged from 19.2 % for prostate to 34.1 % for lung. Lung cancer diagnosis was associated with risk of MDD. Being ≥5 years from diagnosis was associated with decreased risk of MDD (prevalence odds ratio (POR) = 0.82, 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI) 0.71, 0.95). The coexistence of both UI and MDD was associated with a decrease across HRQOL subscales; including 40 points on role-emotional (RE) score. CONCLUSIONS: Cancer survivors reporting co-occurrence of UI and MDD experienced significant decrements in HRQOL. IMPLICATIONS OF CANCER SURVIVORS: Understanding the combined effect of UI and MDD may help clinicians to better recognize and alleviate their effects on cancer survivors' HRQOL.
White, AJ; Reeve, BB; Chen, RC; Stover, AM; Irwin, DE
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