Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in clinical practice: a review.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring offers the ability to collect blood pressure readings several times an hour across a 24-hour period. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring facilitates the identification of white-coat hypertension, the phenomenon whereby certain individuals who are not taking antihypertensive medication show elevated blood pressure in a clinical setting but show nonelevated blood pressure averages when assessed by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. In addition, readings can be segmented into time windows of particular interest, for example, mean daytime and nighttime values. During sleep, blood pressure typically decreases, or dips, such that mean sleep blood pressure is lower than mean awake blood pressure. A nondipping pattern and nocturnal hypertension are strongly associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Approximately 70% of individuals have blood pressure dips of ≥10% at night, whereas 30% have nondipping patterns, when blood pressure remains similar to daytime average or occasionally increases above daytime average. The various blood pressure categorizations afforded by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring are valuable for clinical management of high blood pressure because they increase the accuracy for diagnosis and the prediction of cardiovascular risk.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Turner, JR; Viera, AJ; Shimbo, D

Published Date

  • January 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 128 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 14 - 20

PubMed ID

  • 25107387

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25107387

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1555-7162

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9343

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.amjmed.2014.07.021

Language

  • eng