Lifestyle modification advice for lowering or controlling high blood pressure: who's getting it?

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Lifestyle modifications (LSMs) are important in hypertension management. Using data from a population-based sample of hypertensive adults (N=28,457), the authors examined variations in reports of receipt of LSM advice by patient characteristics. Most adults (90.3%) with known hypertension reported receiving some type of advice. Exercise advice was reported most frequently (74.6%), followed by advice to reduce salt intake (69.3%), change eating habits (61.9%), and reduce alcohol intake (43.5%). Compared with adults aged 60 years or older, persons aged 18 to 39 years were more likely to report receipt of advice (odds ratio [OR], 1.42; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.11-1.81). Overweight persons (OR, 1.64; 95% CI, 1.40-1.93) and obese persons (OR, 2.75; 95% CI, 2.28-3.31) were more likely to report receipt of advice. Persons receiving antihypertensive medication were also more likely to report receiving advice (OR, 2.35; 95% CI, 1.98-2.81). This study demonstrates that older persons, persons not taking antihypertensive medication, and individuals who are not overweight or obese are less likely to report receiving LSM advice.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Viera, AJ; Kshirsagar, AV; Hinderliter, AL

Published Date

  • November 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 850 - 858

PubMed ID

  • 17978592

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8109884

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1524-6175

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1524-6175.2007.07350.x


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States