Effects of chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan 4 (NG2/CSPG4) on soft-tissue sarcoma growth depend on tumor developmental stage.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Sarcomas, and the mesenchymal precursor cells from which they arise, express chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan 4 (NG2/CSPG4). However, NG2/CSPG4's function and its capacity to serve as a therapeutic target in this tumor type are unknown. Here, we used cells from human tumors and a genetically engineered autochthonous mouse model of soft-tissue sarcomas (STSs) to determine NG2/CSPG4's role in STS initiation and growth. Inhibiting NG2/CSPG4 expression in established murine and human STSs decreased tumor volume by almost two-thirds and cell proliferation rate by 50%. NG2/CSPG4 antibody immunotherapy in human sarcomas established as xenografts in mice similarly decreased tumor volume, and expression of a lentivirus blocking NG2/CSPG4 expression inhibited tumor cell proliferation and increased the latency of engraftment. Gene profiling showed that Ng2/Cspg4 deletion altered the expression of genes regulating cell proliferation and apoptosis. Surprisingly, Ng2/Cspg4 deletion at the time of tumor initiation resulted in larger tumors. Gene expression profiling indicated substantial down-regulation of insulin-like growth factor binding protein (Igfbp) genes when Ng2/Cspg4 is depleted at tumor initiation, but not when Ng2/Cspg4 is depleted after tumor initiation. Such differences may have clinical significance, as therapeutic targeting of a signaling pathway such as NG2/CSPG4 may have different effects on cell behavior with tumor progression. NG2/CSPG4 depletion has divergent effects, depending on the developmental stage of sarcoma. In established tumors, IGF signaling is active, and NG2 inhibition targets cell proliferation and apoptosis.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hsu, S-HC; Nadesan, P; Puviindran, V; Stallcup, WB; Kirsch, DG; Alman, BA

Published Date

  • February 16, 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 293 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 2466 - 2475

PubMed ID

  • 29196603

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC5818183

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1083-351X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.M117.805051


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States