Home use of closed-loop insulin delivery for overnight glucose control in adults with type 1 diabetes: a 4-week, multicentre, randomised crossover study.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Multicenter Study)

BACKGROUND: Closed-loop insulin delivery is a promising option to improve glycaemic control and reduce the risk of hypoglycaemia. We aimed to assess whether overnight home use of automated closed-loop insulin delivery would improve glucose control. METHODS: We did this open-label, multicentre, randomised controlled, crossover study between Dec 1, 2012, and Dec 23, 2014, recruiting patients from three centres in the UK. Patients aged 18 years or older with type 1 diabetes were randomly assigned to receive 4 weeks of overnight closed-loop insulin delivery (using a model-predictive control algorithm to direct insulin delivery), then 4 weeks of insulin pump therapy (in which participants used real-time display of continuous glucose monitoring independent of their pumps as control), or vice versa. Allocation to initial treatment group was by computer-generated permuted block randomisation. Each treatment period was separated by a 3-4 week washout period. The primary outcome was time spent in the target glucose range of 3·9-8·0 mmol/L between 0000 h and 0700 h. Analyses were by intention to treat. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01440140. FINDINGS: We randomly assigned 25 participants to initial treatment in either the closed-loop group or the control group, patients were later crossed over into the other group; one patient from the closed-loop group withdrew consent after randomisation, and data for 24 patients were analysed. Closed loop was used over a median of 8·3 h (IQR 6·0-9·6) on 555 (86%) of 644 nights. The proportion of time when overnight glucose was in target range was significantly higher during the closed-loop period compared to during the control period (mean difference between groups 13·5%, 95% CI 7·3-19·7; p=0·0002). We noted no severe hypoglycaemic episodes during the control period compared with two episodes during the closed-loop period; these episodes were not related to closed-loop algorithm instructions. INTERPRETATION: Unsupervised overnight closed-loop insulin delivery at home is feasible and could improve glucose control in adults with type 1 diabetes. FUNDING: Diabetes UK.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Thabit, H; Lubina-Solomon, A; Stadler, M; Leelarathna, L; Walkinshaw, E; Pernet, A; Allen, JM; Iqbal, A; Choudhary, P; Kumareswaran, K; Nodale, M; Nisbet, C; Wilinska, ME; Barnard, KD; Dunger, DB; Heller, SR; Amiel, SA; Evans, ML; Hovorka, R

Published Date

  • September 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 2 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 701 - 709

PubMed ID

  • 24943065

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4165604

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2213-8595

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/S2213-8587(14)70114-7


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England