Constitutive activity of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 protein in acute myeloid leukemia blasts is associated with short disease-free survival.

Published

Journal Article

Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) proteins are involved in hematopoietic cytokine receptor signaling pathways that regulate cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival. STATs are dysregulated in acute myeloid leukemia (AML); mechanisms of dysregulation include constitutive activation and truncation of the C-terminal transactivation domain; the latter results in a beta isoform that has a trans-dominant negative effect on gene induction mediated by the full-length STAT alpha form. It was hypothesized that constitutive STAT activity might correlate with unfavorable treatment outcome in AML. Pretreatment bone marrow samples from 63 adult patients with AML were analyzed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay for the presence of STAT DNA-binding activity. Isoforms and relative levels of STAT proteins were determined by immunoblotting. Constitutive STAT3 activity was detected in samples from 28 (44%) patients. Pretreatment clinical characteristics, expression of STAT alpha/beta isoforms, and treatment regimens did not differ significantly between patients with and without constitutive STAT3 activity. Disease-free survival (DFS) was significantly shorter in patients with than in patients without constitutive STAT3 activity (median 8.7 vs 20.6 months; P =.01). Overall survival did not differ significantly. The subgroup of patients with constitutive STAT3 activity and the STAT3 beta isoform had the shortest DFS (P =.006) and shorter overall survival (P =.049) than all other patients. Whether adverse treatment outcome is attributable to constitutive STAT activity itself or to a process that leads to constitutive STAT activity remains to be determined. This is the first demonstration of a prognostic significance for STAT proteins in a malignancy.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Benekli, M; Xia, Z; Donohue, KA; Ford, LA; Pixley, LA; Baer, MR; Baumann, H; Wetzler, M

Published Date

  • January 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 99 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 252 - 257

PubMed ID

  • 11756179

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11756179

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1528-0020

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-4971

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1182/blood.v99.1.252

Language

  • eng