Mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide to predict clinical course in heart failure patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy.
Aims:Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) induces reverse cardiac remodelling in heart failure (HF), but many patients receiving CRT remain non-responders. This study assessed the role of amino-terminal-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), mid-regional-pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP), and mid-regional-pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) at the time of device implantation to predict favourable clinical course (CRT response and/or risk of MACE) in HF patients receiving CRT. Methods and results:A total of 137 HF patients were prospectively included. Blood was drawn from the coronary sinus (CS) at CRT implantation, and from a peripheral vein (PV) simultaneously and after 6 months. Clinical CRT response at 6 months and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) at 2 years were assessed. Baseline PV-levels of MR-proANP (202 vs. 318 pmol/L, P = 0.009) and MR-proADM (843 vs. 1112 pmol/L, P = 0.02) were lower in CRT responders compared with non-responders. At 6 months, CRT responders showed a decrease in MR-proANP levels, compared with an increase in non-responders (-32 vs. +7 pmol/L, P = 0.02). During the same period, NT-proBNP decreased by a similar way in responders and non-responders, while MR-proADM was unchanged in both groups. High baseline MR-proANP, either in PV (OR 0.41, 95% CI 0.24-0.71, P = 0.002) or CS (OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.15-0.70, P = 0.005) was associated with reduced likelihood of CRT response. Furthermore, PV and CS levels of NT-proBNP, MR-proANP, and MR-proADM were all associated with increased risk of 2-year MACE (all P < 0.01). Conclusion:Mid-regional-pro-atrial natriuretic peptide may assist prediction of clinical course in HF patients undergoing CRT implantation. Low circulating MR-proANP at the time of device implantation is associated with CRT response and more favourable outcome.
Arrigo, M; Truong, QA; Szymonifka, J; Rivas-Lasarte, M; Tolppanen, H; Sadoune, M; Gayat, E; Cohen-Solal, A; Ruschitzka, F; Januzzi, JL; Singh, JP; Mebazaa, A
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