The evaluation of the implementation of the vascular preventative bundle and development of suggested interventions for improvement and sustainability.
Postoperative infections can complicate patient care and increase health care costs. A vascular preventative bundle was implemented at a large teaching/research intensive hospital to decrease surgical site infections (SSIs) with vascular surgery patients. The aim of this study was to measure fidelity to the bundle and determine if implementation of the vascular SSI bundle reduced the rate of SSIs. Three periods of data were collected, and they are identified as preimplementation (period 1), early implementation (period 2), and postimplementation (period 3). There were 711 patients for all three periods, approximately equally distributed in the periods. The use of preoperative hair clippings, chlorhexidine (CHG) wipes, and appropriate antibiotics showed the greatest improvement from preimplementation to early implementation. All three measures showed significant improvements in fidelity. For appropriate antibiotics, the fidelity was the highest and showed the largest improvement compared to the other measures. The performance of clippings preoperatively and using CHG wipes improved significantly. Evidence-based interventions have been recommended to support the implementation and sustainability of the bundle. The infection rate between preop and postperiod was not statistically different.
Franklin, J; Turner, K; Hudson, JS; Guest, K; Dillavou, ED
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