Elevations of inflammatory proteins in neonatal blood are associated with obesity and overweight among 2-year-old children born extremely premature.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BackgroundChildhood obesity is associated with elevated blood concentrations of inflammation markers. It is not known to what extent inflammation precedes the development of obesity.MethodsIn a cohort of 882 infants born before 28 weeks of gestation, we examined relationships between concentrations of 25 inflammation-related proteins in blood obtained during the first two postnatal weeks and body mass index at 2 years of age.ResultsAmong children delivered for spontaneous indications (n=734), obesity was associated with elevated concentrations of four proteins (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-R1, and MCP-1) on the first postnatal day; one protein (IL-6) on postnatal day 7; and two proteins (ICAM-3 and VEGF-R1) on postnatal day 14. Among children delivered for maternal or fetal indications (n=148), obesity was associated with elevated concentrations of seven proteins on the 14th postnatal day. In multivariable models in the spontaneous indications subsample, elevated IL-6 on day 1 predicted obesity (odds ratio: 2.9; 95% confidence limits: 1.2, 6.8), whereas elevated VCAM-1 on day 14 predicted overweight at 2 years of age (odds ratio: 2.3; 95% confidence limits: 1.2, 4.3).ConclusionsIn this cohort, neonatal systemic inflammation preceded the onset of obesity, suggesting that inflammation might contribute to the development of obesity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Perrin, EM; O'Shea, TM; Skinner, AC; Bose, C; Allred, EN; Fichorova, RN; van der Burg, JW; Leviton, A

Published Date

  • June 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 83 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1110 - 1119

PubMed ID

  • 29244802

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6003823

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1530-0447

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/pr.2017.313


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States