Detection of Changes in Cervical Softness Using Shear Wave Speed in Early versus Late Pregnancy: An in Vivo Cross-Sectional Study.
The aim of this study was to assess the ability of shear wave elasticity imaging (SWEI) to detect changes in cervical softness between early and late pregnancy. Using a cross-sectional study design, shear wave speed (SWS) measurements were obtained from women in the first trimester (5-14 wk of gestation) and compared with estimates from a previous study of women at term (37-41 wk). Two sets of five SWS measurements were made using commercial SWEI applications on an ultrasound system equipped with a prototype catheter transducer (128 elements, 3-mm diameter, 14-mm aperture). Average SWS estimates were 4.42 ± 0.32 m/s (n = 12) for the first trimester and 2.13 ± 0.66 m/s (n = 18) for the third trimester (p <0.0001). The area under the curve was 0.95 (95% confidence interval: 0.82-0.99) with a sensitivity and specificity of 83%. SWS estimates indicated that the third-trimester cervix is significantly softer than the first-trimester cervix. SWEI methods may be promising for assessing changes in cervical softness.
Carlson, LC; Hall, TJ; Rosado-Mendez, IM; Palmeri, ML; Feltovich, H
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)