Race-associated biological differences among luminal A and basal-like breast cancers in the Carolina Breast Cancer Study.

Published

Journal Article

We examined racial differences in the expression of eight genes and their associations with risk of recurrence among 478 white and 495 black women who participated in the Carolina Breast Cancer Study Phase 3.Breast tumor samples were analyzed for PAM50 subtype and for eight genes previously found to be differentially expressed by race and associated with breast cancer survival: ACOX2, MUC1, FAM177A1, GSTT2, PSPH, PSPHL, SQLE, and TYMS. The expression of these genes according to race was assessed using linear regression and each gene was evaluated in association with recurrence using Cox regression.Compared to white women, black women had lower expression of MUC1, a suspected good prognosis gene, and higher expression of GSTT2, PSPHL, SQLE, and TYMS, suspected poor prognosis genes, after adjustment for age and PAM50 subtype. High expression (greater than median versus less than or equal to median) of FAM177A1 and PSPH was associated with a 63% increase (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.63, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.09-2.46) and 76% increase (HR = 1.76, 95% CI = 1.15-2.68), respectively, in risk of recurrence after adjustment for age, race, PAM50 subtype, and ROR-PT score. Log2-transformed SQLE expression was associated with a 20% increase (HR = 1.20, 95% CI = 1.03-1.41) in recurrence risk after adjustment. A continuous multi-gene score comprised of eight genes was also associated with increased risk of recurrence among all women (HR = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.04-1.19) and among white (HR = 1.14, 95% CI = 1.03-1.27) and black (HR = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.02-1.20) women.Racial differences in gene expression may contribute to the survival disparity observed between black and white women diagnosed with breast cancer.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Parada, H; Sun, X; Fleming, JM; Williams-DeVane, CR; Kirk, EL; Olsson, LT; Perou, CM; Olshan, AF; Troester, MA

Published Date

  • December 11, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 131 -

PubMed ID

  • 29228969

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29228969

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1465-542X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1465-5411

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1186/s13058-017-0914-6

Language

  • eng