Extracellular glutathione peroxidase mRNA and protein in human cell lines.


Journal Article

Extracellular glutathione peroxidase (E-GPx) and cellular glutathione peroxidase (C-GPx) are selenoenzymes encoded by two distinct genes. Using specific immunoprecipitations of [75Se]selenium metabolically labeled human cell lines in culture, it was found that Caco-2, Hep3B, Hep G2, and Caki-2 synthesize C-GPx and E-GPx and secrete E-GPx. HBL-100, BT-20, and MCF-7 synthesize only C-GPx. The relationship between Se status (as determined by C-GPx activity) and E-GPx and C-GPx mRNA steady-state levels was investigated in Hep G2, Caco-2, and Caki-2. The most Se-deficient Hep G2, Caco-2, and Caki-2 cells had 8.7 +/- 2.6, 11.2 +/- 4.9, and 9.4 +/- 5.0%, respectively, of C-GPx activity of the replete cells. The steady-state levels of mRNA were measured by Northern and slot blot hybridization analysis. By Northern analysis, a single band was present at 1.0 and 1.80 kb for C-GPx and E-GPx mRNA, respectively, in all three cell lines. Scanning densitometry of the blots revealed that the most Se-deficient cells had 30-50% C-GPx mRNA and 60-80% E-GPx mRNA of the replete cells. It is concluded that, in addition to previously examined human cell lines, Hep3B and Caco-2 make and secrete E-GPx while HBL-100 and BT-20 do not. The slightly reduced levels of G-GPx and E-GPx mRNA in Se-deficient human cell lines can only partially account for the decreased C-GPx activity in Se-deficient human cell lines.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Avissar, N; Kerl, EA; Baker, SS; Cohen, HJ

Published Date

  • March 1994

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 309 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 239 - 246

PubMed ID

  • 8135533

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8135533

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-9861

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1006/abbi.1994.1108


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States