Phenotypic similarities and differences between CALLA-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells and normal marrow CALLA-positive B cell precursors.
Expression of differentiation markers in common acute lymphoblastic leukemia (cALL) cells from 25 patients was compared with subpopulations of normal common ALL antigen (CALLA) (CD10)-positive bone marrow lymphoid cells (cBMLs). In cBML, CD10 intensity is positively correlated with CD34 (MY10) and terminal transferase (TdT) expression and inversely correlated with common leukocyte antigen (CLA), CD20 (B1), and ctyoplasmic mu chain (Cmu) expression. In cALL, CD10 density was inversely correlated with CLA and Cmu expression and strongly correlated with CD34 expression as in cBML. In contrast to cBML, TdT and CD20 expression were not related to CD10 density in cALL. Furthermore, cALL TdT intensity measured by enzyme immunoassay was not related to expression of CD10, CLA, or CD34, but was positively correlated with CD20 expression. Cmu expression in cALL was inversely correlated with expression of CD34 and positively correlated with CLA as in cBML, but showed no association with TdT intensity or CD20 expression in contrast to the relationship found in cBMLs. Analysis of TdT intensity and Cmu expression in sorted subpopulations of cells from individual patients that were positive or negative for CD34, CD20, or CD10 was consistent with the data obtained by comparison of cells from different patients. These results indicate that from patient to patient and within individual patients, cALL cells express the markers CD34, CLA, CD10, and Cmu in a coordinated fashion similar to cBMLs, but demonstrate differences in expression of TdT and CD20 with respect to the marrow cells considered their normal counterparts. The cALL cells that are CD34 positive show increased expression of CD10 and are less likely to be CLA or Cmu positive, suggesting that they may represent a phenotypically less differentiated form of cALL than does CD34-negative cALL.
Ryan, DH; Chapple, CW; Kossover, SA; Sandberg, AA; Cohen, HJ
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