Modified Chirp Scaling Algorithm for Circular Trace Scanning Synthetic Aperture Radar
© 2012 IEEE. For circular trace scanning synthetic aperture radar (CTSSAR) with a circular track, the conventional hyperbolic equation becomes inadequate to express the range history of a point target accurately, and when it comes to the wide swath observation and imaging, the range variance makes it even harder to focus the target on the edge of the scene. Thus, an expression with high-order terms is needed to approximate the range history and the range variance should also be considered in the imaging algorithm. In this paper, based on the method of series reversion, a fourth-order approximated range model is established for the CTSSAR processing and the 2-D spectrum is derived for the echo signal in CTSSAR with circular trajectory. At the same time, in order to deal with the range-variant range cell migration problem in large-area CTSSAR imaging, a modified chirp scaling algorithm is proposed to realize precise wide swath CTSSAR focusing. Experiments and analyses are performed to validate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.
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