Photodynamic treatment in a rabbit model of glaucoma surgery.
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of postoperative verteporfin photodynamic treatment as an adjunct to glaucoma experimental filtration surgery in rabbits. METHODS: Dutch belted (n = 15) rabbits underwent full thickness sclerectomy in one eye. The experimental group (group 1, n = 7) underwent i.v. injection of verteporfin and subsequent photoactivation at the operative site on postoperative day 1 (POD 1). Control groups of animals received either light exposure (group 2, n = 4) or verteporfin (group 3, n = 2), or no intervention (group 4, n = 2). Intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured prior to the procedure (POD 0) and daily thereafter for the first week after sclerectomy (PODs 1-7) and every other day for the second week (PODs 9, 11, 13, 15). Percentage IOP reductions of operated over contralateral control eyes were compared among the various groups. Success rates (percentage IOP reduction > 15%) were also compared between the experimental and control groups. Eyes were histologically examined for evaluation of fibrosis. RESULTS: Rabbits in the experimental group (group 1) had a mean +/- SEM percentage IOP reduction of 25 +/- 3% during the follow-up period. In contrast, groups 2, 3 and 4 had IOP reductions of 4 +/- 5%, 12 +/- 7% and 4 +/- 6%, respectively (p < 0.005, anova among all four groups). Successful IOP reduction (> or = 15%) over the contralateral eye at POD 15 was achieved in six of seven experimental animals, but only in one of eight control animals (p < 0.02, chi-squared test). Bleb failure occurred significantly earlier in the control eyes compared with eyes receiving PDT (p < 0.003, log rank test). Blebs in the experimental group differed from those in the control groups histologically, lacking significant collagen deposition in the area of the sclerostomy. CONCLUSIONS: Wound healing in glaucoma surgery may be successfully modulated postoperatively using photodynamic therapy with i.v. administered photosensitizer.
Stasi, K; Paccione, J; Bianchi, G; Friedman, A; Danias, J
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