Perceived cohesion: A conceptual and empirical examination


Journal Article

Most existing measures of cohesion attempt to objectively measure cohesion while neglecting individual group members' perceptions of their cohesion to a particular group. We propose that group members' perceptions of cohesion are important for the behavior of the individual as well as the group as a whole. We offer a theoretical definition of perceived cohesion which says individuals' perceptions of their own cohesion to a group has two dimensions: sense of belonging and feelings of morale. We test this conceptualization and the adequacy of our Perceived Cohesion Scale in two random samples: students at a small college noted for its strong “school spirit” and residents of a midsized city. Our confirmatory factor analyses indicate a two-factor model, with a high degree of invariance across the two samples, and with the two dimensions correlated over.90 in both. However, as anticipated, perceived cohesion is significantly higher in the college than the city sample. © 1990 The University of North Carolina Press.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bollen, KA; Hoyle, RH

Published Date

  • January 1, 1990

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 69 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 479 - 504

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1534-7605

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0037-7732

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/sf/69.2.479

Citation Source

  • Scopus